- Directive to cease action/attack/event/mission.
- Directive to initiate a briefed attack sequence or maneuver.
- AIRCRAFT AXIS
- There are three axis which are mutually perpendicular and have a common point of intersection. The aircraft longitudinal axis is parallel to the fuselage reference line. Aircraft rotation around this axis is roll or bank. The aircraft vertical axis is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis through the center of the aircraft. Rotation around this axis is yaw. The aircraft lateral axis is perpendicular to both the longitudinal and vertical axes at the point of intersection. Rotation around this axis is pitch.
- ALPHA CHECK
- Request for bearing and range to described point.
- Orbit about a specific point; ground track flown by tanker.
Information call indicates a turning engagement about a specific location.
- ANGLE OF ATTACK (AOA)
- The angle between the cord line of the wing and the relative wind.
- The angular difference between the longitudinal axis of the attacker and the logitudinal axis of the defender.
- Height of aircraft in thousands of feet.
- Training term used to denote simulated launch of enemy,
all-aspect radar missile.
- Training term used to denote simulated launch of enemy, rear hemisphere heat seeking missiles.
- Cutoff in plane of target motion to decrease range to targetdefender allows attacker to use cutoff.
- ARM/ARMED (Safe/Hot)
- Select armament (safe/hot), or armament is safe/hot.
- AS FRAGGED
- Fighter, FAC, mission package, or agency will be performing
exactly as stated by the air tasking order.
- Request/comment regarding target aspect information.
- ASPECT ANGLE
- The angle between the longitudinal axis of the target (projected rearward) and the line-of-sight to the fighter, measured from the tail of the target. The attackers heading is not a consideration. (Whenever the attacker is pointed at the bogey, angle-off and aspect are the same.)
- Indicates air-to-surface attack on a specific ground
- Rear hemisphere heat-seeking missile.
- ATTACK AXIS
- An orientation direction usually thought of as an imaginary line passing through the target on some particular headingexample, the range run-in heading.
- To request or provide a response for a coded challenge.
- Aircrew is operating without benefit of GCI/AWACS control.
- AUTONOMOUS INTERCEPT
- Intercepts initiated by aircrew when no target information is being received from command and control sources.
- Known enemy aircraft and type ordnance
capability, if known.
- A term used synonymously used with System Altitude. (See System Altitude)
- BARREL ROLL MANEUVER
- A vertical rolling maneuver used to reduce aspect angle while keeping sight of the bogey and maintaining nose-tail separation.
- BASE (Number)
- Reference number used to indicate such information as
headings, altitudes, fuels, etc.
- BEAM/BEAMER (Direction)
- Aircraft maneuvering stabilized within 700 to 1100 aspect; generally given with cardinal directions: east, west, north,
- A momentary unloaded bank to check the blind side of a
- Identified system inoperative.
- BFM ( Basic Fighter Maneuver )
- Training designed to apply aircraft handling skills to gain proficiency in recognizing and solving range, closure, aspect, angle off, and turning room problems in relation to another aircraft to either attain a position from which weapons may be employed or deny the adversary a position from which weapons may be launched or defeat weapons employed by an adversary. Examples are the high speed yo-yo, quarter plane maneuver, Immelmann turn, barrel roll. BFM training builds appreciation of pursuit geometry, cutoff, radial G, rolling maneuvers and energy management.
- BFM ADVANTAGE
- The command or use of maneuvering airspace usually OUT OF PLANE OF A BANDIT`S TURN TO ALLOW the attacker to gain or maintain an offensive advantage or close to a gun solution. Requires positional and/or energy advantage.
- Prebriefed fuel state which is needed for recovery using prebriefed
- No visual contact with friendly aircraft; opposite of term "VISUAL."
- Directive/informational call that indicates aircraft will continue straight ahead at the merge and not turn with target/targets.
- A radar/visual contact whose identity is unknown.
- BOGEY DOPE
- A request for bearing and range to bogey and as available, heading, speed, and altitude.
- BOMB RANGE (BR)
- The horizontal distance a bomb will travel from release to impact.
- BOMB TRAIL
- The distance that represents bomb drag in weapon ballistic computation.
- Term used to indicate the formation will remain in a Racetrack-type holding pattern (with all wingmen's tums into lead); exit formation must be specified by lead.
- Groups/contacts/formations in a square or offset square.
- Indicates geometry where aircraft will maneuver to a position on opposing sides either laterally or vertically from the target.
- BREAK (Up/Down/Right/Left)
- Directive to perform an immediate maximum performance turn in the indicated direction. Assumes a defensive situation.
- Term used to denote radio frequency is becoming saturated/degraded and briefer transmissions must follow.
- Request/directive to switch to Broadcast Control.
- BROKE LOCK
- Loss of radar/IR lock-on (advisory).
- BUDDY SPIKE (Position/Azimuth/Altitude)
- Receiving friendly AIRWR.
- BUGOUT (Direction)
- Combat separation for low fuel, loss of tactical advantages or accomplishments of mission objectives; intent is to permanently separate from that particular engagement/attack.
- An established reference point from which the position of an aircraft can be determined.
- An established reference point from which the position of an aircraft can be transmitted. Sometimes referred to as "broadcast control" if more than one bullseye is used, designate by Alpha, Bravo etc.
- A fly-up to acquire line of sight to the target or laser designation.
- A pushover maneuver.
- Directive to select/deselect afterburner (generally to fly at maximum speed).
- Electronic communications jamming.
- An orbit at a specified location. Establish a combat air patrol at (location).
- Collision Antenna Trail Angle. The azimuth of your radar antenna when tracking (locked on) a target that is on a collision course with your aircraft.
- CHAFF/ FLARE
- Directive to deploy CHAFF and / or FLARES and deselect AB (Situation permitting). Often added immediately after directing a flight member to do a defensive maneuver. Also informative by one using CHAFF/FLARE(S) as a reminder to his partner to use them when necessary.
- An attack of three distinct groups with two in front and one behind. The leading two groups are attempting to bracket with the trailing third group flying up the middle.
- CHANDELLE TURN
- A near vertical turn up, used to attack a high bandit from a medium to front quarter aspect. Does not require as much altitude separation as the Immelmann turn. Should terminate in a rear hemisphere weapons envelope with overtake.
- Begin using briefed radio procedures to counter comm jamming.
- CHEAP SHOT
- A qualifying statement to indicate the shot had low probability of success.
- CHECK ( )
- A directive statement made to momentarily monitor (specified items/systems).No response is required if status is normal.
- CHECK LEFT/RIGHT
- By GCI: Alter course ( ) degrees left or right momentarily for airborne search positioning, then resume original heading.
By Flight Lead: Alter course to new heading, 30 degrees if not specified.
- CHECK ANGELS /FUEL
- An information statement made by GCI to aircrew ng ACBT. No aircrew response required.
- Friendly fighter aircraft.
- CHRISTMAS TREE
- Directive to briefly turn on exterior lights to enable visual acquisition.
- CIRCLE (RIGHT/LEFT)
- Flight-lead-directed defensive maneuver in which the flight establishes a circular holding pattern for mutual support.
- No radar contacts; used to confirm a good battle damage check (i.e., no air-to-surface ordnance remaining on the wingman's aircraft).
- No enemy aircraft are a threat to your rear quadrantthat is, your six is clear. Also used when flight lead is authorizing change of command or role swap for wingman from supporting to engaged.
- Requested action is authorized (no engaged/support roles are assumed).
- CLEARED DRY
- Ordnance release not authorized.
- CLEARED HOT
- Ordnance release is authorized.
- CLOSE CONTROL
- The maximum degree of control that GCI can provide.
- Bandit/bogey/target is getting closer in range.
- In context; attack geometry will result in a pass or roll out behind the target; or, on a leg of the CAP pointed away from the anticipated threats. Air-to-surface, dry or no-ordnance attack.
- "COLD" SIDE
- The side of the RED opposite that where collision antenna train angle occurs.
- COMEBACK HIGH/ LOW/LEFT/RIGHT
- Informative call requesting the addressed fighter to reposition accordingly.
- COMEOFF (Left/Right/High/Low/Dry)
- A directive to maneuver as indicated to either regain mutual support or to deconflict flight paths for an exchange of engaged and supporting roles. Implies both "visual" and "tally."
- Fighter intent to engage/intercept; weapons director (WD) continues to provide information.
- Leaving contrails or otherwise marking aircraft position.
- Radar/IR contact at the stated position; should be in bearing, range, altitude (BRA), Bullseye, or geographic position format.
- Radar and/or IP pick-up at the stated position. Position usually stated in magnetic bearing, range, altitude (BRA), Bullseye, or geographic position format if locked on. Friend or foe unknown.
- Continue present maneuver; does not imply clearance to engage or expend ordnance.
- CORNER VELOCITY
- Minimum speed at which maximum allowable aircraft G can be attained. Minimum turn radius and maximum rate are achieved by most aircraft types at corner velocity. The F-16ås unique flight control character are such that it doesn't have a corner velocity in this classic sense.
IMG SRC="/archive/images/img_arc-12/counter.jpg" alt="COUNTER" align=bottom hspace=5 vspace=5>
- COUNTEROFFENSIVE MANEUVERING
- Maneuvers which are performed by an aircraft under attack and which are designed to negate the present threat and proceed to an offensive position as the attacker.
- Directive to assume briefed support position and responsibilities.
- CRANK (Direction)
- F-Pole maneuver; implies illuminating target at radar gimbal limits.
- CROSS TURN/CROSS
- A 180 heading reversal by a flight where aircraft turn into each other.
- Request for, or directive to, intercept using cutoff geometry.
- DAISY CHAIN
- Numerous fighters in-trail maneuvering for shots on one another.
- Informative call by an airborne laser designator indicating the
laser is inoperative.
- DEFENSIVE (Spike/Missle/SAM/Mud/AAA)
- Aircraft is in a defensive position
and maneuvering with reference to the stated condition. If no condition
stated maneuvering is with respect to A/A threat.
- DEFENSIVE TURN
- A planned turn designed to prevent an attacker from entering/ remaining in the defender's vulnerable cone. This maneuver has limitations since it may allow arcing; however, done early enough and properly executed, allows defender to keep sight, makes attacker's BFM problem more difficult, and may cause attacker to overshoot.
- Directive for the flight to maneuver to briefed positioning.
- Discontinue the current attack.
- Proceed to alternate mission/base.
- Data link equipment
- Directive to "delay the engagement."
- DRAG/DRAGGING (Direction)
- Bogey/Bandit maneuvering to 60 degress or less aspect.
- DUKE IT OUT
- Meet the enemy head on to engage.
- ECHELON (Cardinaldirection)
- Groups/contacts/formation with wingman displaced approximately 45 deg behind leader's wing line.
- Formation of two aircraft.
- Maneuvering with the intent of achieving a kill. If no additional information is provided (bearing, range, etc.), ENGAGED implies visual/radar acquisition of target
- ENGAGED (FIGHTER)
- Indicates the fighter or element is maneuvering to attain or deny weapons release parameters or is in the visual arena maneuvering in relation to the targetWC stops providing specific target information and continues with situation awareness information.
- EXTEND (LEFT/RIGHT)
- Gain energy and distance using proper energy profile with the possible objective of reentering the fight.
- A straight-line unloaded (slightly less than 1 G) acceleration maneuver. This maneuver may be interrupted by a series of checkturns so that the extending fighter can maintain sight of the attacking aircraft.
- Using information available to provide data required, implies degradation.
- EXTEND (Direction)
- Directive to gain energy and distance with the possible intent of reengaging.
- Fighter with primary visual identification (VID) responsibility.
- Previous radar contact is lost
- Target speed is estimated to be 600 knots ground mach 1 or greater.
- Forward edge of the battle area as set during the scenario briefing.
- FEET WET/DRY
- Flying over water/land.
- Boundary separating hostile and friendly area.
- FENCE CHECK
- Set cockpit switches as appropriate.
- FIGHTER DOPE
- Request for bearing and range to friendly aircraft.
- Target with a stable aspect of 120 deg. to 150 deg.
- Flares have been detected or directive to deploy flares.
- FLASH (MODE)
- Temporary activation of IFF transponder on desired mode/code.
- Directive/informative to expand the formation laterally within visual limits to maintain a radar contact or prepare for a defensive response.
- FOLLOW DOLLY
- Follow data-link commands.
- Air-to-air weapons employment.
- FOX ONE
- Simulated/actual launch of radar-guided missile.
- FOX TWO
- Simulated/actual launch of infrared-guided missile.
- FOX THREE
- Simulated/actual launch of AMRAAM/Phoenix missile.
- FOX FOUR
- Bomber gunner has simulated firing on a target.
- FOX MIKE
- VHF/FM radio.
- A turning fight involving multiple aircraft.
- FUSELAGE REFERENCE LINE (FRL)
- A basic reference line extending through the fuselage, parallel to the longitudinal axis of the aircraft.
- Fire control radar / Emitter of radar equipment.
- GADGET SICK
- Airborne FCS/ ground equipment is degraded.
- GADGET BENT
- Airborne FCS/ ground equipment is inoperative.
- GADGET WELL
- Airborne FCS/ ground equipment is working.
- GIMBAL (Direction)
- Radar target is approaching azimuth or elevation limits.
- GO ACTIVE
- Go to briefed Have Quick net.
- GO SECURE
- Activate secure voice communications.
- Large force of indeterminable numbers and formation.
- GREEN (Direction)
- Direction determined to be clearest of enemy air-to-air activity.
- Radar target(s) within approximately 3 NM of each other.
- GUN (Direction)
- Visual acquisition of gunfire, AAA site, or AAA fire.
- An air-to-air or air-to-surface gunshot.
- Indicates a simulated guns shot.
- GUNS BREAK
- Directive call to perform a break out of the plane.
- GUNS JINK or JINK (DIRECTION)
- Directive call to perform gun defensive maneuvers.
- HARD (Direction)
- High-G, energy sustaining turn.
- HARD TURN
- Maximum G turn sustaining energy. Whether to use AB or not is a briefing item.
- The adjustment of a gun and sight of an aircraft so that when within effective range, the tracking index will indicate the impact point of the bullets.
- Two or more aircraft involved in an air combat maneuver.
- Staying above the flight.
- Target with an aspect of 160 deg. to 180 deg.
- HEADS DOWN
- Call to infom aircrew that leader/wingman is head-down in the cockpit and wingman/leader is responsible for clearing.
- HEADS UP (Direction/Altitude)
- Enemy/bogey got through; no kill.
- Target above 30,000 feet MSL.
- HIGH DEFLECTION GUNSHOT
- Gun attack during which the fighter is firing as the bandit passes through the pipper at high angle-off. Tracking is impossible due to excessive line-of-sight rate of the bandit. High deflection gun shots normally terminate in close-in overshoots of the target's flight path by the attacker.
- HIGH YO-YO
- An out of plane offensive BFM performed to control overtake while closing from a low aspect. Also used to reduce aspect angle.
- Radar return in search (A/A). Weapons impact within lethal distance (air-to-ground [A/G]).
- HOLD DOWN
- Directive to key transmitter for DF steer.
- HOLDING HANDS
- Aircraft are joined in formation, implies visual contact by all flight members.
- HOME PLATE
- Home airfield.
- HOOK (LEFT OR RIGHT)
- Directive to perform an in-place 180 deg. turn.
- HOOKING (LEFT OR RIGHT)
- Directive/information call to approach target from a single/indicated side.
- In context; attack geometry will result in rollout in front of the target; or on a leg of the CAP pointing toward the anticipated threats
(A/A). Ordnance employment authorized, expected, or completed (A/G).
- "HOT" SIDE
- The side of the REO where the collision antenna train angle is located.
- HOTEL FOX
- HF radio.
- HOUND DOG
- Call made by supporting fighter or a wingman indicating he has visual, tally, and a clear path to the bandit and is in an advantageous position to engage. Clock position and distance are normally added to indicate bandit position relative to the flight, or wingman position relative to the leader.
- Directive to intercept and identify the target; also aircrew ID accomplished, followed by type aircraft.
- IMMELMANN TURN
- A vertical turn up designed to solve a high angle-off and high aspect angle attack situation. Optimally performed, the Immelmann turn should terminate in the defender's 6 o'clock, within heat missile range and a relatively high energy state. Normally performed from head-on aspect with large altitude separation.
- IN PLACE (Left, Right)
- Perform indicated maneuver simultaneously.
- An intercept can begin at virtually any distance beyond 15 NM. The object is to get outside of the enemy radar cone and prevent them from detecting your flight until you have launched on them within high Pk parameters. An advantage is maintaining formation integrity and isolating the threat to one side while also achieving a good altitude split in your formation.
- IN TRAIL
- Perform suggested maneuver maintaining relative position in formation.
- JINKOUT MANEUVER
- Unpredictable maneuvers to negate a gun tracking solution. A series of changes in roll, pitch, and G performed to prevent an attacker from achieving a gun tracking solution. This maneuver will not be effective against missiles.
- Prebriefed fuel state above Bingo at which separation/bugout/event termination
- Aircrew has radar/visual contact on the correct target, has taken
control of the intercept and only requires situation awareness information;
weapons director (WD) will minimize radio transmissions.
- JUDY ANGLE
- Call made by the fighter stating the fighter will position himself in azimuth and GCI will provide range info to the target from the fighter.
- Directive to commit on target with clearance to fire in visual or beyond visual range; implies hostile and ROE compliance; in training, fighter call to indicate KILL ROE has been fulfilled.
- Terminate any intercept/ engagement in progress.
- Three or more groups/contacts/formations in trail.
- LAG CORNER
- A maneuver, executed from an offensive position, where excess energy is used to drive to defender's blind cone, then a high G turn is used to solve angle off. This maneuver is only effective if the attacker has an obvious turn performance advantage.
- LAG PURSUIT ATTACK
- An attack geometry that will cause the attacker to fly behind the target. The nose of the attacking aircraft remains pointed behind the defender. (At some point a successful attack will usually have to transition to pure / lead pursuit.)
- LAG ROLL
- A rolling maneuver, executed from an offensive position, performed opposite the direction of target turn in an attempt to reduce aspect angle and/ or control closure. Used to achieve rear aspect heat missile parameters.
- LEAD PURSUIT ATTACK
- An attack geometry that will cause the attacker to fly in front of the target. The nose of the attacker's aircraft remains pointed ahead of the defender's aircraft.
- LEAD TURN
- A turn which is initiated prior to passing the opponents 3/9 line.
- LINE ABREAST
- Two groups/contacts/formations/aircraft side-by-side.
- LINE-OF-SIGHT (LOS)
- An imaginary straight line from an observer's eye to a target.
- LOCKED (BRA/Direction)
- Final radar lock-on; sort is not assumed
- Target altitude below 10,000 feet AGL
- LOW YO-YO
- A maneuver, executed from an offensive position, used to close on the target aircraft by the effective use of cutoff and acceleration.
- A circular stagnated fight with no participant having an advantage.
- launch of AGM-88 HARM.
- leaving contrails or otherwise marking aircraft position.
- MAXIMUM TURNING PERFORMANCE
- Turn performance during which the maximum obtainable turn rate is achieved.
- MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE
- Performance near the limits of the maneuvering envelope, includes minimum speed, maximum speed, low G, and placard G.
- Target altitude between 10,000 feet AGL and 30,000 feet MSL.
- Informative that friendlies and targets have arrived in the same
visual arena.Call indicating radar returns have come together.
- Have Quick time-of-day (TOD) signal.
- Informative call advising that command and control functions
(GCI/AWACS) are no longer available.
- MIL ( Milliradian )
- An angular measurement which subtends one foot at 1.000å (17.45 mils equal 1 degree ). Also, military power.
- MINIMUM ATTACK PERIMETER (MAP)
- An imaginary circle centered on the target which depicts the distance from the target at which rollout occurs and tracking begins. The radius of this circle varies with planned delivery parameters.
- MISS DISTANCE (MD)
- The distance and direction of bomb impact from the target due to imperfect release conditions.
- Directive to select military power.
- Simulated kill on a friendly aircraft in ACBT.
- MUD (Direction-Type)
- Indicates unknown RWR ground threat displayed;
followed normally by clock position.
- Electronic radar jamming. On AI radar, electronic deceptive jamming.
- MUTUAL SUPPORT
- The coordinated maneuvering of two or more aircraft to provide combined firepower and survivability. This coordination can be achieved via position, radio, fire control system or a combination of these factors.
- No RWR indications. Opposite of term "spike".
- NEGATIVE CONTACT
- Lack of radar and/ or SIF contact.
- NO JOY
- Aircrew does not have visual contact with the target/bandit;
opposite of term "TALLY."
- NOTCH (Direction)
- All-aspect missile defensive maneuver to place threat
radar/missile near the beam.
- OFF (Direction)
- Informative call indicating attack is terminated and
maneuvering to the indicated direction.
- OFFSET (Direction)
- Informative call indicating maneuver in a specified
direction with reference to the target.
- OPTIMUM TURN
- A turn during which energy remains constant and turn rate is maximized.
- OVERSHOOT ( Flight path overshoot )
- Attacking aircraft is forced to the outside of his intended victim's flight path while attempting to achieve a shot. In a severe overshoot, the attacker's flight path carries him forward of the defender's 3-9 line and roles can be reversed.
- Geographically isolated collection of groups/contacts/formations.
- Informative call indicating aircrew hqs "tally" and cannot take eyes off an
aircraft/ground target without risk of losing tally/visual.
- Friendly AAI/APX interrogation retum.
- A military IFF transponder.
- Position from which an attack can be launched.
- Situation briefing which includes real-time information pertinent
to a specific mission.
- PIGEONS (Location)
- Magnetic bearing and range to a specified point.
- A tactic designed to maneuver an enemy into a defensive position by simultaneous attack from both sides of bogey.
- A HUD symbol representing an aiming line of sight. The pipper is in the center of the reticle.
- Rolling an aircraft about its longitudinal axis while pointed up or down at low G thus effecting a rapid change in heading when higher G is again applied.
- PITCH/PITCHBACK (Left/Right)
- Directive call for fighter/flight to execute
a nose-high heading reversal.
- PLACARD G LIMIT
- The limiting cockpit G for the particular configuration.
- PLANE OF TURN
- Plane defined by the flight path of an aircraft and its turn radius.
- Amount of time aircraft can remain on station.
- Directive for an element to turn towards each other either as a
defensive response or to reestablish a mutually supportive formation.
- Starting climb for air-to-surface attack.
- Flying in clouds or area of reduced visibility.
- Request for position; response normally in terms of a geographic
landmark, or off a common reference point.
- POST ATTACK (Direction)
- WD transmission to indicate desired direction
after completion of intercept/engagement.
- POST-ATTACK (DIRECTION)
- Cardinal direction weapons controller assigns a fighter for the purpose of leaving the target area.
- POST-ATTACK (HEADING)
- Specific heading passed by the weapons controller after aircrew has completed the attack.
- POST HOLE
- Rapid descending spiral.
- Reminder to set the throttles appropriately considering the IR
threat and desired energy state.
- Directive / informative call to continue the attack. Normally given by supporting fighter in response to engaged fighter's statement of intentions and means he is in a position to attack should the engaged fighter's position deteriorate.
- Term describing a delay resulting in releasing ordnance closer and/or lower to a target than planned.
- Descriptive of the situation where the bandit is behind the one stating "I'm pulling."
- A briefed maneuver to stop closure on the threat or geographical
boundry while maintaining situation awareness.
- Call indicating pure pursuit is being used or directive call to go
- PURE PURSUIT ATTACK
- An attack geometry that will cause the attacker to fly directly at the target. The nose of the attacker's aircraft remains pointed at the defender's aircraft.
- PUSH (Channel)
- Go to designated frequency.
- Descriptive of the situation where the bandit is in front of the one stating "I'm pushing".
- QUARTER PLANE MANEUVER
- A maneuver, executed from an offensive position, used to preserve nose-tail separation and a positional advantage for future maneuvering when presented with an impending flight path overshoot or to counter a reversal attempt by the defender. An aggressive, exaggerated rolling pull out of the bandit's plane of motion at close range to reposition the attacker's lift vector at least 90 degrees away from the bandit's plane of motion. This maneuver is often performed instead of a high yo-yo when the attacker realizes too late how quickly the aspect is increasing.
- RADIAL G
- The vectored sum of cockpit G and gravity.
- RANCH HOUSE (Altitude)
- Directive or informative indicating subject fighters will return to CAP.
- RANGE WIND
- That component of a wind that is parallel to the attack axisi.e., headwind or tailwind.
- RAYGUN (Position/Azimuth/Altitude)
- Radar lock-on to unknown aircraft. Request Buddy Spike/Naked reply.
- REFERENCE (Direction)
- Directive to assume stated heading.
- REFERENCE (HEADING)
- Heading to fly as directed by the flight lead. Reference 270.
- Indicates that more than one radar contact is observed and aircrew is able to distinguish the assigned target from chicks. Does not imply sorted.
- A counter-offensive rolling maneuver designed to reverse roles on an attacker after he overshoots.
- AGM-65 launch.
- Indicates aircrew understands the radio transmission; does not
indicate compliance or reaction.
- ROLLING SCISSORS
- A series of rolling maneuvers in which each of two opposing aircraft is attempting to roll to his opponent's 6 o'clock. An energy depleting, maximum performance situation which frequently ends up in a slow speed, high AOA descent.
- Ownship maneuvering and ranging (OMAR), F-15 angle on ranging (AOR),
- RUN/RUNNING (Direction)
- Perform a defensive
maneuver to place the threat radar/missile on the tail.
- SAM (Direction)
- Visual acquisition of a SAM or SAM launch. Should include position.
- A situation where an aircraft / element finds themselves in between opposing aircraft / element(s).
- A situation where an aircraft/element finds themselves
between opposing aircraft/elements.
- Fly at best endurance. Loiter.
- A series of turn reversals designed to cause an attacking aircraft to overshoot and lose nose-tail separation.
- SEARCH LEFT / RIGHT / HIGH / LOW
- Search area indicated as briefed and report all contacts.
- Leave the fight/engagement due to loss of advantage, change of odds or situation. Similar to bugout, except bugout is usually permanent separation. May or may not reenter.
- SEQUENTIAL ATTACK
- Swapping of roles of engaged and supportive fighters as one or the other comes into a more favorable position to achieve a kill.
- One weave; a single crossing of flight paths; maneuver to adjust/
regain formation parameters.
- Follow indicated target.
- Directive to illuminate second target with laser designator.
- Aircraft designated to employ ordnance.
- Launch of antiradiation (SHRIKE) missile by Wild Weasel.
- Described equipment is degraded.
- SIGHT PICTURE
- Term used to describe the position of the pipper at release.
- SIGNAL CHARLIE
- Landing area is clear; commence approach. (NAVY air operations in control of airborne jets)
- SIGNAL DELTA
- Landing area is foul (not clear); commence standard holding pattern. (NAVY air operations in control of airborne jets)
- SIGNAL BUSTER
- Use maximum speed (burner for those so equipped). (NAVY air operations in control of airborne jets)
- "GO SILENT" directive to initiate briefed EMCON procedures.
- SKIP IT
- Veto of fighter commit call; used by radar facility when higher priority target is present, usually followed with further directions.
- An informative call for fighter to execute a nose-low heading reversal to reposition as stated . Often used to obtain a change in flight path direction while maximizing radial G and sustaining airspeed or accelerating.
- SLICE/SLICEBACK (Left/Right)
- Directive to perform a high-G descending turn
in the stated direction; usually 180 deg. turn.
- Target with ground speed of less than 300 kts.
- SNAP SHOT
- High angle off Attack or passing gun shot. Attacker's turn rate does not equal defender's LOS rate, whether intentional or unintentional.
- SNAP ( )
- An immediate vector (bearing and range) to the group described.
- SNAP VECTOR
- A quick vector to the requested position.
- Criteria have been met which ensure individual flight members have
separate contacts; criteria can be met visually, electronically (radar) or both. Final radar lock taken.
- Target marking by a gunship or FAC using incendiary rounds.
- RWR indication of AT threat is displayed. Add clock position, and
type threat (radar/heat) if able.
- SPITTER (Direction)
- An aircraft that has departed from the engagement.
- Missile time of flight is expired or missile destroyed; target or bomb impact.
- Request to engage a threat; visual may not be maintained, requires
flight lead acknowledgement (air-to-air). Also, directive to begin briefed
- SPLIT PLANE MANEUVERING
- Two or more aircraft maneuvering in different planes of motion.
- Informative that voice deception is being employed.
- Informative that laser target designation is being received.
- SQUAWK ( )
- Operate IFF as indicated or IFF is operating as indicated.
- Two or more groups/contacts/formations with a high/low altitude
separation in relation to each other.
- Request for an individual's tactical situation; response is normally "offensive," "defensive," or "neutral" with number of targets. May be suffixed by position and heading.
- Request for, or directive to, intercept using stern geometry.
- STERN ONLY
- Intercept will be completed using stern geometry. A conversion to a "CUTOFF" will not be attempted.
- Formation of two or more aircraft with a single in trail.
- Unidentified traffic that is not a participant in the mission.
- STRANGLE ( )
- Turn off equipment indicated.
- AI radar indications of noise radar jamming.
- Informative call that command and control functions are available
from GCI/AWACS (opposite of MIDNIGHT).
- The act of assisting the engaged fighter in killing the bandit
while maintaining overall battle situation awareness.
- Indicates an attacker is changing from one aircraft to
- Sighting of a target/bandit; opposite of "NO JOY".
- Specification of sort responsibility.
- THREAT (Direction)
- (GCI/AWACS) Informative that an untargeted bandit/bogey
is within 10 NM of a friendly.
- Positive radar contact with element/aircraft.
- A series of related contacts indicating direction of travel.
- Stabilized gun solution.
- Tactical formation of two or more aircraft following one another.
- The last aircraft in a formation.
- Informative call; missile in flight has been defeated.
- Describes one who is "NO JOY, " åBLINDå and rapidly losing situation awareness, in a request for directive commentary and orientation. Colloquially NO TALLY; NO VISUAL, NO CLUE!
- UHF/AM radio.
- UPWIND AIM POINT (UAP)
- A point on the ground whose distance and direction from a target represents an adjusted aim point, usually for wind compensation in manual bombing.
- Aircrew request / WC directive for a cutoff heading to the entity described.
- Three groups/contacts/formations with the single closest in range and an element in trail.
- VHF/AM radio.
- Visual contact with friendly aircraft. Opposite of "BLIND".
- Three or more groups/contacts/formations line abreast/side-side.
- WEAPONS ENVELOPE
- The area around a target aircraft from which the attacker can launch one of his weapons and expect a high probability of achieving a kill.
- Continuous crossing of flight paths by members of a formation.
- Tactical formation of two or more aircraft with the single in front
and the other aircraft laterally displaced on either side behind the
leader's wing line.
- Indicates that aircraft are operating close to the surface.
- () WELL
- Described equipment is functioning properly.
- WHAT LUCK
- Request for results of mission/tasks.
- WHAT STATE
- Report amount of fuel and/or armament remaining as requested; for training, repeat ordnance as follows:
# Radar = number of radar missiles shots remaining.
# Heat = number of IR missiles shots remaining.
# Gun = Gun on-board and bullets remaining.
# Fuel = pounds of fuel or time remaining.
- Will comply with received instructions.
- Term used to report expenditure of all ordnance of a particular type.
- Mission-pertinent information.
- Mission-pertinent information.
- Wild Weasel is gathering EOB on a designated emitter.
- Acknowledge radio transmissions with two clicks of the mike button.
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