Falcon 4.0: Prima Strategy Guide: Review

By: Len 'Viking1' Hjalmarson
Date: 1999-02-16

Prima Strategy Guide written by Pete Bonanni and James Reiner

This guide is publisher by PRIMA and is some 340 pages in length. It includes a large number of illustrations, but text dominates. Inevitably, there is substantial repetition of material from the Falcon 4 manual, but some sections contain more material that is better organized, and screen shots and diagrams are original to the Guide.

Before we get into the nitty-gritty, here is a partial listing of chapters in the Guide:

  • Chapters 1-9: Falcon Overview, Main Modules, AC Handling and Views, Cockpit and Instrumentation, Flight Ops.
  • 10: Radar Operation
  • 11: Air to Air Missiles
  • 12: Air to Air Gun
  • 13: Unguided Weapons
  • 14: LGBs
  • 15: Maverick
  • 16: HARM
  • 17: Max Performance
  • 18: Basic Fighter Maneuvers
  • 19: Intercept Basics
  • 20: Falcon Missions
  • 21: Mission Planning
  • 22: Air to Air Tactics
  • 23: Air to Ground Tactics
  • 24: ACMI Debrief
  • 25: Logbook
  • Appendices, Pages 309-346. Appendix A : Getting Started; Appendix B: Phone Book Setup; Appendix C: Radio Command Summary; Appendix D: Mission Cards; Appendix E: Korean Theater Airbase Listing; Appendix F: Avionics Fault Summary; Appendix G: Glossary. Index: page 337-346.

The Guide seems to be designed in such a way that someone who does not have access to the original manual can use the Guide to get the most out of F4. It's an appealing layout, and I would guess that many who have never flown F4 will be attracted to the sim via this guide.

The integration of "I was there" sections is attractive and sets the mood. It's interesting to note, however, that the space devoted to the Campaign and to Tactical Engagement is quite brief. Perhaps for the best, since TE especially is likely to change substantially over time.

Falcon4 Night

But what's in it for those who already own the game? Comparing the sections on Realistic Radar, the Guide has twenty one pages to the seventeen in the F4 manual. However, the section in the Guide integrates the discussion of the B scope (section in the manual pages (4-6 to 4-9), so length alone doesn't show what is happening here. Let's take a look at a sub-section from each to compare the approach.

The F4 manual, section 21 page 22, contains a sub section describing 30x20 Submode. This single paragraph is about thirty five words in length. There is more information to be found in the F4 manual if you search for it (section 4-4 4-5, and in the training mission, 4-12 to 4-13), but in the Guide most of this info is available in a single section, on page 154. Here it is:

F4 Guide

HUD MODE (20 x 30)

Use this radar search pattern when you can turn and point your jet close enough toward the target to see it in the HUD. The radar scan pattern in this mode searches a 20x30 degree area that closely resembles the field of view (FOV) through your HUD (Figure 10-18).

The one limitation to using this mode occurs when you have several aircraft together within your HUD FOV. The first contact the radar sees as it scans this area will be the one it acquires, whether it was the one you wanted or not. TO be more discriminating about which aircraft you lock, refer to the next section on Boresight scan mode. If no other aircraft are near by the target, the HUD scan mode will certainly do the job.

The HUD symbology with this scan pattern does not give you any specific cues about what scan mode the radar is using, so confirm you have selected the HUD scan mode by glancing down at your radar MFD. As in figure 10-19, you'll see ACM indicating your current air-to-air radar mode and "20," displayed on the top center of the MFD. In this ACM scan mode, the two vertical "goal post" lines set in the center of the MFD represent the 30 degree wide scan pattern.

As the radar is sweeping to find a target, you'll see the elevation caret moving up and down the left side of the MFD and the azimuth caret cycling within the confines of the search pattern at the bottom. No target information is displayed because the radar has not locked on, because you are presumably looking through the HUD to acquire something.

When the radar acquires a target, you'll see the digital readout of information on the contact across the top of the MFD, the radar picture will return to a B scope display, and the target will be displayed as an STT symbol.

From this quotation, you may get the idea that Bonanni assumes a lesser degree of familiarity with the systems of the F16 than the writers of the manual assume. This, plus the greater integration of the Guide itself, explains the greater length of many sections. The Guide would make a good gift or companion volume for air combat simulation novices who want to get the most from Falcon 4. What about the rest of us? Good question!

As I transitioned to the later chapters of the manual, notably eighteen and forward, I was looking for some additional tactical information. For example, I was curious to see if Bonanni would address the question of transitioning from a BVR engagement to a within visual range engagement, and the move from TWS radar mode to an ACM mode.

As I read on into chapter eighteen, I had to concede that Bonanni's discussion of air to air engagement, proceeding from a discussion of the Weapon Engagement Zone (WEZ) and the control position, was excellent and would benefit any novice as well as some more experienced virtual pilots. For the curious, this section proceeds as follows: (pages 217-239)


  • The Pursuit Course
  • Attack Geometry In-Plane with the Bandit
  • Attack Geometry Out of Plane with the Bandit
  • Reasons for a Pursuit Course
  • Weapons Engagement Zone


  • The Classical Control Position
  • Offensive BFM Overview
  • Lag BFM
  •   Turn Circle Entry
  •   Offset Turn Circles
  •   Offensive BFM Mechanics
  • Turning Room
  •   Horizontal Turning Room
  •   Vertical Turning Room

  • Assessing the Bandit's Performance
  • Nailing the Coffin Shut
  • Offensive BFM Summary

The next section, Defensive BFM, continues from pages 240-256. This discussion is also excellent! Chapter nineteen then continues with ten pages of discussion on the Intercept.

This introduction sounds promising:

What happens when you are winchester AMRAAMs (after you've fired all of your AIM-120x) and there's another MiG between you and the border? You must rely on your basic intercept skills to get your AIM-9 Sidewinders and 20mm cannon to the fight. Or what about when you need to intercept and rejoin on the tanker to fuel up? Even today, basic intercept skills must become second nature for the fighter pilot. Every aspect of the mission requires understanding the concept of intercept basics.

RWS Situation Awareness Mode

The previous chapter covered the building blocks of aerial combat - basic fighter maneuvers. This chapter describes the maneuvers you'll need to get yourself to the fight - the intercept. To be a successful (and lethal) Falcon pilot, you must understand concepts like aspect angle (AA), antenna train angle (ATA), collision antenna train angle (CATA), offset, turning room (TR), and conversion turns.

Hmm. CATA and conversion turns. This sounds interesting. It doesn't get us the info I was hoping to find on the transition from a BVR engagement to ACM, but I don't recall reading anything on CATA in the F4 manual. In fact, a quick look at the glossary of the manual supplied with the game will confirm that there is no mention of such.

ACM Slew
Falcon 4 ACM. Note NCTR bar

So just what is CATA and why is it so important? Here is Pete Bonanni :

What heading will put you on a collision course with the target? By flying this course you will offset the bandit at a certain angle from your nose at a specific angle of attack, called the Collision antenna train angle, or CATA. This will be your direct path to merge with the bandit...

How do you find this angle? As you might guess, the F16 finds it for you. Whenever you lock a bandit on radar a "steering cross" is displayed on the radar MFD which represents the F16s calculation for a CATA, taking into account the target's current airspeed and heading. Turning to center the cross in the middle of the MFD will put the target "on the CATA."

Helpful, isn't it? The particular question I had in mind was not addressed, but many a pilot will take the lessons and information presented in this Guide and begin to learn or improve their knowledge of the dynamics of fighter maneuvers.

Another area that is better handled by Bonanni than by the manual supplied with the sim is NCTR. Basically, when you lock a target in Single target track a small green bar will appear in the center of the top of the RADAR MFD. It originates in the center and extends out to either the left or right. The more it extends to the left, the more likely that you have an enemy contact. The more it extends to the right, the more likely your contact is a friendly.

This is extremely useful in dog fighting when you are in BORESIGHT mode and lock up a target within 5 miles. At short ranges the NCTR has a high degree of certainty and can tell you instantly if your contact is friend or foe. When in padlock, you can see the NCTR bar clearly in the MFD.

My overall impression of the Prima Guide remains the same. This is a well written and well organized guide, containing excellent shots and illustrations, by someone who knows the subject matter intimately. I would recommend it to novices or to anyone who has found the manual supplied with the simulation to be too complex or too scattered in structure.

However, more accomplished virtual pilots may find that the Guide is too repetitive, covering already familiar territory with only a few exceptions. I suggest finding a copy you can peruse for a moment before making your decision.

Printed from COMBATSIM.COM (http://www.combatsim.com/review.php?id=469&page=1)